External Combustion Engine
www.ExternalCombustionEngine.com

Battery Energy Storage  *  Bulk Energy Storage  *  Compressed Air Energy Storage  *  Dispatchable Wind 

Distributed Energy Resources  Frequency Regulation  *  Flywheel Energy Storage  *  Load Leveling 

Molten Salt Storage Net Zero Energy  *  Peak Shifting  *  Salt Dome Storage  Waste Heat Recovery


External Combustion Engine

Business Development  *  CHP Systems  *  Clean Power  *  Micro-Grids  *  Renewable Energy



 

Net Zero Energy Market to Become $1.3 Trillion/year Industry by 2035

http://www.navigantresearch.com/newsroom/revenue-from-net-zero-energy-buildings-to-reach-1-3-trillion-by-2035


Net Zero Energy Buildings Are Coming - What About The Buildings Already Standing?

http://www.forbes.com/sites/justingerdes/2012/02/28/net-zero-energy-buildings-are-coming-what-about-the-buildings-already-standing/


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External Combustion Engine
www.ExternalCombustionEngine.com


What is an external combustion engine?

An external combustion engine is heat engine (i.e. a steam engine) that derives its heat from fuel consumed outside of the engine's cylinder or cylinders.

The working fluid for an external combustion engine is heated by combustion in an external source, through the engine wall or through heat exchanger. After which, the working fluid produces motion and useable work. The working fluid is then cooled, compressed and reused (in a closed cycle).

The working fluid can be of any composition with hydrogen gas as a very common source, as in Stirling engines. Steam, as in a steam engine, is another option. "Single-phase" liquids are also used, as in the case of the steam engine as well as the "Organic Rankine Cycle" whereby the working fluid changes phases between liquid and gas.


Net Zero Energy Market to Become $1.3 Trillion/year Industry by 2035

http://www.navigantresearch.com/newsroom/revenue-from-net-zero-energy-buildings-to-reach-1-3-trillion-by-2035

 

Net Zero Energy Buildings Are Coming - What About The Buildings Already Standing?

http://www.forbes.com/sites/justingerdes/2012/02/28/net-zero-energy-buildings-are-coming-what-about-the-buildings-already-standing/

 


External Combustion Engine

Business Development  *  CHP Systems  *  Clean Power  *  Renewable Energy  *  Waste Heat



info (at) ExternalCombustionEngine .com

 




 



 

 


 

Clean Power Generation Solutions


Clean power generation systems are a superior "micro-grid" and demand side management solution for data centers, hospitals, universities, municipal utility districts and new real estate developments/subdivisions seeking "net zero energy" solutions. 


CHP Systems (Cogeneration and Trigeneration) Plants 
Have Very  High Efficiencies, Low Fuel Costs & Low Emissions

The CHP System below is Rated at 900 kW and Features:
(2) Natural Gas Engines @ 450 kW each on one Skid with Optional 
Selective Catalytic Reduction
system that removes Nitrogen Oxides to "non-detect."

The Effective Heat Rate of the CHP System below is 
4100 btu/kW with a Net System Efficiency of 92%.

    

Our CHP Systems may be the best solution for your company's economic and environmental sustainability as we "upgrade" natural gas to clean power with our clean power generation solutions. Our emissions abatement solutions reduce nitrogen oxides (NOx) to "non-detect" and can be installed and operated in most EPA non-attainment regions!

With Natural Gas at < $5.00/mmbtu, our Clean Power Generation plants generate power for about $0.04 / kWh (fuel cost).  CHP Systems are an ideal solution for electric utilities, data centers, electric co-ops, electrical sub-stations and hospitals. Our high-efficiency CHP Systems eliminate blackouts, electric grid supply problems and significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions and hazardous air pollutants associated with electric power generation.


What are CHP Systems?

A CHP System - also known as a cogeneration plant, is the simultaneous production of power and thermal energy.

Stated another way, a CHP System integrates an onsite, "decentralized energy" (DE) or "dispersed generation" power and energy system with thermally-activated power and energy technologies such waste heat recovery and/or absorption chillers for heating and/or cooling applications.

CHP Systems achieve these greater energy efficiencies through the conversion of exhaust or reject heat from power generation into needed energy services like cooling and heating of buildings as well as campuses. This is called "Waste Heat Recovery" or "Recycled Energy." Development of "packaged" or "modularized" CHP Systems for end-use applications, such as commercial and institutional buildings, is something the founder of our company has been involved with since the mid 1980's.

In the past, Cogeneration plants have been economically attractive only in sizes above several megawatts. The emergence of a number of small generation technologies, including fuel cells, advanced low emissions engines, and gas turbines with outputs in the 1000 kW - 5000 kW range, should extend the benefits of Integrated Energy Systems to a much larger user base, with a consequent increase in national energy and environmental benefits.

For example, the application of CHP Systems (including Absorption Chillers - or - ADsorption Chillers) in commercial buildings could reduce commercial building energy consumption by 30%.

Application of such smaller-scale packaged CHP Systems provides a major breakthrough in energy efficiency technology, energy savings as well as reduced greenhouse gas emissions. And, by locating the power generation at or near the end-user/consumer, i.e. their facility, building, or campus, the difficulties in siting and building new electric transmission and electric distribution infrastructures to meet today's increasing power demand are minimized.

There are numerous markets for Cogeneration / Trigeneration plants, CHP Systems, District Energy Systems for commercial or institutional buildings, government facilities, and district energy systems that distribute thermal energy to buildings in a college campus, hospital complex, industrial park, food processing operations, refrigerated warehouses, and also very attractive for cities.


Decentralized Energy
is the Best Way to 
Generate Clean Power and Green Energy!

How we make and distribute electricity is changing!

The electric power generation, transmission and distribution system (the electric "grid") is changing and evolving from the electric grid of the 19th and 20th centuries, which was inefficient, highly-polluting, very expensive and “dumb.”

The "old" way of generating and distributing energy resembles this slide:

Some customers will choose to dis-connect from the grid entirely. (Electric grid represented by the small light blue circles in the slide below.)

Typical "central" power plants and the electric utility companies that own them will either be shut-down, closed or go out of business due to one or more of the following: failed business model, inordinate expenses related to central power plants that are inefficient, excessive pollution/emissions, high costs, continued reliance on the use of fossil fuels to generate energy, and the failure to provide efficient, carbon free energy and pollution free power.

Carbon free energy and pollution free power reduces our dependence on foreign oil and makes us Energy Independent while reducing and eliminating Greenhouse Gas Emissions.


What is a heat engine generator?

A heat engine generator is an engine-generator that produces electricity from heat energy. A heat engine generator uses the heat energy that could come from any heat source, including geothermal, solar or the "waste heat" from an engine or turbine.

A heat engine generator is similar to an external combustion engine is heat engine (i.e. a steam engine) that derives its heat from fuel consumed outside of the engine's cylinder or cylinders. The working fluid for an external combustion engine is heated by combustion in an external source, through the engine wall or through heat exchanger. After which, the working fluid produces motion and useable work. The working fluid is then cooled, compressed and reused (in a closed cycle).

The working fluid can be of any composition with hydrogen gas as a very common source, as in Stirling engines. Steam, as in a steam engine, is another option. "Single-phase" liquids are also used, as in the case of the steam engine as well as the "Organic Rankine Cycle" whereby the working fluid changes phases between liquid and gas.


What is "Trigeneration"?

Trigeneration is the simultaneous production of three forms of energy - typically, Cooling, Heating and Power - from only one fuel input. Put another way, our trigeneration power plants produce three different types of energy for the price of one.

Trigeneration energy systems can reach overall system efficiencies of 86% to 93%.  Typical "central" power plants, that do not need the heat generated from the combustion and power generation process, are only about 33% efficient.



Trigeneration Diagram & Description
Trigeneration Power Plants' Have the Highest System Efficiencies and are 
About 300 % More Efficient than Typical Central Power Plants


Trigeneration plants are installed at locations that can benefit from all three forms of energy.  These types of installations that install trigeneration energy systems are called "onsite power generation" also referred to as "decentralized energy."   

One of our company's principal's first experience with the design and development of a trigeneration power plant was the trigeneration power plant installation at Rice University in 1987 where our trigeneration development team started out by conducting a "cogeneration" feasibility study.  The EPC contractor that Rice University selected installed the trigeneration power which included a 4.0 MW Ruston gas turbine power plant, along with waste heat recovery boilers and Absorption Chillers.  A "waste heat recovery boiler" captures the heat from the exhaust of the gas turbine.  From there, the recovered energy was converted to chilled water - originally from (3) Hitachi Absorption Chillers - 2 were rated at 1,000 tons each, and the third Hitachi Absorption Chiller was rated at 1,500 tons. The Hitachi Absorption Chillers were replaced shortly after their installation by the EPC company.  The first trigeneration plant at Rice University was so successful, they added a second 5.0 MW trigeneration plant so today, Rice University is now generating about 9.0 MW of electricity, and also producing the cooling and heating the university needs from the trigeneration plant and circulating the trigeneration energy around its campus.




Trigeneration Chart
Trigeneration's "Super-Efficiency" compared 
with other competing technologies
As you can see, there is No Competition for Trigeneration!


Trigeneration power plants are the ideal onsite power and energy solution for customers that include:  Data Centers, Hospitals, Universities, Airports, Central Plants, Colleges & Universities, Dairies, Server Farms, District Heating & Cooling Plants, Food Processing Plants, Golf/Country Clubs, Government Buildings, Grocery Stores, Hotels, Manufacturing Plants, Nursing Homes, Office Buildings / Campuses, Radio Stations, Refrigerated Warehouses, Resorts, Restaurants, Schools, Server Farms, Shopping Centers, Supermarkets, Television Stations, Theatres and Military Bases.

At about 86% to 93% net system efficiency, our trigeneration power plants are about 300% more efficient at providing energy than your current electric utility. That's because the typical electric utility's power plants are only about 33% efficient - they waste 2/3 of the fuel in generating electricity in the enormous amount of waste heat energy that they exhaust through their smokestacks.

Trigeneration is defined as the simultaneous production of three energies: Cooling, Heating and Power.  Our trigeneration energy systems use the same amount of fuel in producing three energies that would normally only produce just one type of energy. This means our customers that have our trigeneration power plants have significantly lower energy expenses, and a lower carbon footprint.

____________________________________________________

Press Release
Feb 14, 2012 
Washington, D.C. 
by the Renewable Energy Institute 


HR 4017, the Smart Energy Act, was introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives by Representatives Charles Bass (R-NH) and Jim Matheson (D-UT).  The Smart Energy Act seeks to establish financing mechanisms for energy efficiency retrofits for buildings and also to set a national goal to double the amount of power generated by CHP Systems which includes cogeneration and trigeneration systems, to 170 Gigawatts by 2020.

Greenhouse Gas Emissions  
Linked to the Loss of Polar Bears

Photo courtesy of Alaska Image Library. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service


Products, Services and Additional Information

Absorption Chillers  Architecture  *  Battery Energy Storage  *  Buildings of the Future 

CHP Systems  *  Clean Power Generation  *  Cogeneration  Clean Power Generation 

Compressed Air Energy Storage  *  Distributed PV  *  EcoGeneration  *  Emissions Abatement 

Energy Master Planning  *  Evacuated Tube Collectors  *  Flat Plate Collectors  *  Flywheel Energy Storage 

Mechanical Electrical Plumbing  *  Micro-Grid  *  Net Zero Energy  *  Net Zero Energy Building Upgrades 

Pumped Hydro Storage  *  Renewable Energy Technologies  *  Rooftop PV  *  Solar Cogeneration 

Solar Thermal Systems  *  Solar Trigeneration  *  Rooftop PV  *  Trigeneration  *  Waste Heat Recovery


About us
:

We provide demand side management, clean power, emissions abatement and renewable fuel; advertising, business development, careers, employment, jobs, marketing, public relations, sales, strategic marketing and website design services for companies seeking a durable competitive advantage.

 

  Renewable Energy Institute

"Leading the Renewable Energy Revolution"

"Changing the Way the World Makes and Uses Energy" sm



Advertising, Architecture, Business Development, Capital, Marketing, Net Zero Energy, Public Relations, 
Renewable Energy, Sales, Solar Cogeneration, Strategic Marketing Solutions, Trigeneration, Waste Heat Recovey

External Combustion Engine
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info (at) ExternalCombustionEngine .com

 

 

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